One of the goals we exist for is to inform and communicate for a change in hygiene and health behaviour. It is within this framework that this project is part of the project that will have a definite impact on the health of our populations.
On 10 June 2018, the NGO FAITH launched the project called IEC in lake environment.
This five-year project will involve raising awareness in grassroots communities by being in touch with the realities of our lake populations. For us, it will be a matter of raising awareness not only through public IEC sessions, door-to-door screenings, giant screens, but also local language programming on community radio stations in targeted settings.
This activity mobilizes a hundred volunteers in the field and their travel and catering are ensured by a package.
Malaria is a febrile parasitosis caused by a hematozoan of the genus plasmodium and is transmitted to humans through the bite of a mosquito called a female anopheles. This female anopheles is the vector of the disease. The development of larvae of this anopheles is promoted by unsanitary conditions. It develops in different areas not weeded, on the surface of standing water, etc. Diarrhoeal diseases are often caused by hydro fecal peril. And are also favored by harmful hygiene measures.
According to who, malaria and diarrhoeal diseases are the leading causes of infant mortality in sub-Saharan Africa, along with IRAs.
In Benin every year, thousands of children die from these diseases.
Benin’s lakeside villages have places with high tourist potential due to the beauty of the landscape and the natural appearance of the buildings. Despite this potential, Benin’s lake populations live below the poverty line. They are often the site of epidemics with sometimes many cases of death.
The causes are related to the precariousness of hygiene measures in these communities and the hydro-fecal peril.
These precarious hygiene measures and promiscuity mean that the infant mortality rate is high in the lake environments of our country; which backtracks on the development of our nation. Children in lake areas of Benin often die from malaria, IRAs, hydro-fecal hazard diseases and malnutrition. The case of lakeside cities is all the more worrying because, despite the efforts of the political and administrative authorities, water and food hygiene measures are still precarious. Although they often receive long-acting insecticide-treated nets, they prefer to use these nets as fish nets or as protection for nurseries from the sun. Also, self-medication makes the situation worse because parents only consult the referral centres after they have tried everything themselves. This means that children often go from life to death; hence the interest of these IECs in order to be in contact with the population and explain to them the preventive measures that save by taking care to motivate the good students by gadgets (cap, T-shirts, food, mosquito nets, etc.).